Mssa bsi medical abbreviation

MSSA stands for methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus. Staph is the shortened name for Staphylococcus staf-uh-low-KAH-kusa type of bacteria. Many strains of staph bacteria are quite common, and most people have staph bacteria living harmlessly on their skin or in their noses. Staph bacteria that enter the body through a cutscrape, or rash can cause minor skin infections. Most of these heal on their own if the wound is kept clean and bandaged, but sometimes antibiotics are needed.

Some bacteria, called MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusresist the medicines that usually treat staph infections. MSSA infections, however, usually respond well to treatment with these medicines. MSSA infections can cause toxic shock syndromecellulitisstaph food poisoning, folliculitis infection of hair folliclesboils, impetigoand scalded skin syndrome an illness that causes a fever, rash, and sometimes blisters.

Most MSSA infections can be treated by washing the skin with an antibacterial cleanser, using warm soaks, applying an antibiotic ointment prescribed by a doctor, and covering the skin with a clean dressing. Doctors also may prescribe oral antibiotics to treat MSSA infections.

More serious infections may require hospitalization. Most MSSA infections are easily treated with antibiotics or by draining the infection of pus or fluid. Many such infections can be prevented by washing hands well and often, keeping cuts and scrapes clean and covered with a bandage, not sharing personal items like razors, towels, or uniformsand making sure to take the full amount of any antibiotics as prescribed.

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All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts. Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.

Search KidsHealth library. Print Send to a Friend.Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureusor MSSAis a skin infection that is not resistant to certain antibiotics. MSSA normally presents as pimples, boils, abscesses or infected cuts, but also may cause pneumonia and other serious skin infections.

MSSA affects people of all ages and has been known to cause outbreaks among sports teams, families, prison inmates and people who live and work in close quarters, such as military recruits.

MSSA colonizes the skin, causing no symptoms and without causing infection, but then may later lead to infection. The infection spreads via direct skin-to-skin contact and also may spread via contact with contaminated items or surfaces.

mssa bsi medical abbreviation

The sharing of contaminated personal items with someone who has MSSA — towels, sheets, razors, clothes or sports equipment — increases the likelihood of spreading the infection. Confirmation of MSSA infection is commonly done by culturing the infected tissue.

A to Z: MSSA

In the setting of other known cases of MSSA, common skin lesions suggest diagnosis. Although antibiotics are used to treat MSSA infection, not all MSSA infections require antibiotics as the drainage of small abscesses may be all that is required. A physician can determine the appropriate treatment, and medicated soaps may be prescribed to reduce the amount of MSSA on the skin. One of the most important ways to prevent the spread of MSSA is by frequent hand-washing with medicated soap or using alcohol-based hand sanitizers.

Additional ways to prevent the spread include not sharing towels or clothing, avoiding body shaving and avoiding injections other than those prescribed by a doctor. Any cuts or wounds should be kept clean, dry and covered. Early diagnosis and treatment may reduce the chance of developing severe infection. Healio News Infectious Disease. Read Next.

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You've successfully added to your alerts. You will receive an email when new content is published. Click Here to Manage Email Alerts. We were unable to process your request. Please try again later. If you continue to have this issue please contact customerservice slackinc.Patients and Methods. Study design: Sequential time series.

Pre-intervention period, January —March ; wash out period, April ; intervention period, May —March MSSA-colonized neonates were decolonized with mupirocin application to nares, umbilicus and abraded skin twice daily for 5 days. All MSSA infections decreased from 0. Of eligible neonates, Median weekly prevalence of colonization was 6. Median length of stay of neonates after initial detection of colonization was 30 days.

Of 54 isolates tested, all were mupirocin-susceptible. A potential confounding factor was the occurrence of a cluster of mupirocin-resistant MRSA during the intervention period with the associated intensified infection prevention measures. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Open Forum Infect Dis.

mssa bsi medical abbreviation

Published online Nov Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. For commercial re-use, please contact journals. Disclosures All authors: No reported disclosures.

Notes Session: Support Center Support Center. External link. Please review our privacy policy.Standard precautions are used to care for all patients to prevent nosocomial infections and apply to contact with blood, body fluids, secretions and excretions except sweatnonintact skin, and mucous membranes.

Transmission-based precautions second-tier precautions are used for patients known to be or suspected of being infected with a highly transmissible infection.

mssa bsi medical abbreviation

The rules to be followed for achieving isolation are based on the mode of transmission of the particular organism: airborne, droplet, and contact. Thus, if the organism is spread by droplet such as tuberculosisthen all items that come in contact with the patient's upper respiratory tract are isolated and destroyed or disinfected.

Those in contact with the patient are also protected from droplet transmission by wearing protective barriers such as special masks and, if necessary, gowns, caps, boots, and glovesby careful and thorough hand hygiene, and by keeping the hands away from the nose and mouth to prevent transmission of infections.

What Is Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus Aureus (MSSA)?

Most agencies use disposable equipment as much as possible in the care of an isolated patient. Contaminated disposables are double-bagged for safe disposal, usually by incineration. Laboratory specimens also are double-bagged and marked with the particular type of isolation, so that personnel handle them appropriately. CDC recommendations and institutional procedure are followed for the specific type of isolation that is in effect. The purpose of the isolation precautions is explained to the patient and family to decrease their fears and to increase their cooperation, and the family and other visitors are taught how to use and discard the required barriers and esp.

When an at-risk patient such as an immunosuppressed patient requires protection from others reverse isolationequipment brought to the patient's room is disposable or sterilized, and human contacts wear barriers that must be clean or sterile depending on the circumstances and protocol.

mssa bsi medical abbreviation

After use, these items are handled in the agency's usual manner, with no special care necessary beyond those specified for the care of every patient. Patients are placed in a private room, preferably one with negative air pressure and between 6 and 12 changes of air each hour. Hospital workers should wear respirator masks when in the room.

If transport is necessary, the patient should wear a surgical mask. Patients with diseases such as active tuberculosis, SARS, varicella, and measles are placed on airborne precautions.

What is MSSA?

Patients with diarrhea caused by Clostridium difficilehepatitis A, rotavirus, or multidrug-resistant organisms, with wounds infected with vancomycin-resistant enterococcus, or children infected with respiratory syncytial or parainfluenza virus should be placed on contact precautions.

Infection with some viruses, such as varicella or adenovirus, require droplet or airborne precautions in addition to contact precautions. All rights reserved. Solitude, or the psychological discomfort that accompanies it. See: loneliness. The physical separation of those with certain infections such as anthrax or tuberculosis from other people to prevent or limit the transmission of disease. In contrast, quarantine applies to restriction on healthy contacts of an infectious agent.

The identification of a cell, a chemical, or a microorganism in purified form. Synonym: airborne precaution Patient care Patients are placed in a private room, preferably one with negative air pressure and between 6 and 12 changes of air each hour.

A method of infection control that assumes all body fluids are potentially infectious and that an effective task-specific barrier must always be placed between the medical provider and the patient. Any of the techniques used in addition to standard precautions that decrease the likelihood of infection by microorganisms transmitted through direct or indirect contact with the patient or patient care items, e.We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.

If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. Forgot your password? Retrieve it. Filter by: Select category from list Couldn't find the full form or full meaning of MSSA? Notify me of new comments via email. Cancel Report. Create a new account. Log In. Know what is MSSA? Got another good explanation for MSSA? Don't keep it to yourself! Add it HERE! Still can't find the acronym definition you were looking for?

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Download Close. Rate it:. Maryland State Sportsmen's Association Sports. Montana Shooting Sports Association Sports.Cite This Article. During February —Septemberfamilial clusters and sporadic cases of Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft tissue infections were observed in a suburban area near Milan in northern Italy.

Molecular typing of the isolates showed an epidemic methicillin-susceptible S. The first case-patients were neonates or mothers who had recently delivered in the local hospital. Examination of the medical records showed a cluster of postpartum mastitis and neonatal skin infections antedating the emergence of infections in the community.

Nasal swabs of neonates, mothers, and hospital staff were positive for the epidemic MSSA. Hospital circulation of the strain was interrupted by implementation of infection control measures, although infections continued to occur in the community.

Long established as a hospital pathogen, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA is now present in the community as a major cause of skin and soft tissue infections 1. Characteristically, most CA-MRSA strains contain Panton-Valentine leukocidin PVL genes, a bicomponent pore-forming toxin with the ability to lyse leukocytes 6primarily associated with skin infections such as furunculosis and skin abscesses 7. This report describes a large and prolonged community and hospital outbreak of skin and soft tissue infections caused by a PVL-positive MSSA strain.

During February —Septemberseveral family clusters of skin and soft tissue infections were observed in a suburban area south of Milan in northern Italy. The patients lived in or near the town of Codogno and sought treatment at the outpatient clinic of the local hospital. In each of the family clusters, the first identified case was a newborn child or a mother who had recently delivered in the Codogno Hospital. Inanother cluster of skin and soft tissue infections was observed in young patients who lived in different households in the same suburban area.

Medical records and microbiologic data regarding skin and soft tissue infections occurring in neonates or mothers examined in the Codogno Hospital from through were reviewed. The maternity ward comprised 7 rooms with a total of 13 beds and was part of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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The department had 45 staff members that included obstetricians, midwives, nurses, and support staff. The newborn nursery was under the direction of the Department of Pediatrics and included 2 rooms, 1 room for changing and feeding the babies and the other room with 14 cribs for the neonates. The nursery staff included 9 neonatal nurses and 1 general nurse, but 16 additional staff members were shared across the Department of Pediatrics.

The median length of stay of neonates in the nursery was 4 days. A follow-up visit was performed at a dedicated hospital clinic 10—15 days after discharge. Bacteriologic specimens were obtained for culture from the largest infected body area with a sterile swab or needle and were processed in the microbiology laboratory of the Codogno Hospital according to standard methods.MSSA, or methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureusis an infection caused by a type of bacteria commonly found on the skin.

You might have heard it called a staph infection. Treatment for staph infections generally requires antibiotics. Staph infections are classified according to how they respond to this treatment:. Both types can be serious and even life threatening.

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This article provides an overview of MSSA symptoms, causes, and treatment. MSSA symptoms vary according to where the staph infection is located. MSSA can affect the skin, blood, organs, bones, and joints. Symptoms may range from mild to life threatening. Staph bacteria are commonly found on the surface of the skin, such as the inside of the nose. In other cases, staph causes minor and easily treatable skin, nosemouthand throat infections.

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Staph infections can even heal on their own. A staph infection becomes serious if the infection is also present in the bloodstream, usually from an advanced and untreated infection. Staph infections can cause life threatening complications. In healthcare settings, staph is especially dangerous, as it can easily transmit from person to person.

Staph is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, most often from touching something that contains the bacteria and then spreading it to your hands. In addition, staph bacteria are resilient.

What is MSSA?

They can live on surfaces like doorknobs or bedding long enough for a person to develop an infection. MSSA infections can affect children, adults, and older adults. The following can increase your chances of developing an MSSA infection:. Staph bacteria remain common in places where people with compromised immune systems may come into contact with people or surfaces carrying the bacteria. This includes:. Staph bacteria can enter the body through an open wound.

This may occur among people who live or work in close quarters or play contact sports. Your doctor might ask you questions to try to determine whether you were exposed to staph bacteria.

Your doctor might run additional tests to confirm a suspected staph infection.

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